|Medieval Depiction of a Godfrey de Bouillon, the first pious and devout Ruler of Jerusalem, |
often contrasted to the later "degenerate" kings.
|White Limestone and Palms -- so different from Northern Europe|
|Hollywood's Interpretation of Mixed Styles and Opulence in the Crusader Sates|
Sibylla of Jerusalem as depicted in "The Kingdom of Heaven"
|Church Art was particularly influence by Byzantine traditions and mosaics, for example, were more common.|
Because the Latin Christians in the crusader states were integrated into the upper and middle levels of society while the very bottom rungs were filled by native Christians or Muslims, travelers to the crusader states from the West was more likely to encounter and interact with men and women from a higher strata of society. Furthermore, because items that were outrageously expensive in the West were produced in the crusader states (silk, glass, sugar, citrus fruits, pomegranates) these “luxury” items were accessible to people much farther down the social scale than in the West. Visitors were undoubtedly aghast to find common laborers and soldiers enjoying lemons and sugar, or wearing, if not pure silk, some of the mixed textiles that combined silk with cotton or linen.
|This glass and enamel cup is believed to originate from the crusader states.|
|A 19th Century -- equally erroneous - depiction of a Turkish bath that reflects the same misconception about the mixing of sex with cleanliness.|
My novels set in the crusader kingdoms show Outremer through the eyes of the poulains rather than the crusaders: